Agenciamiento aduanero



Incoterms

Principal article: Ex works.

Ex Works (named place)
The seller makes goods available at the buyer’s premises: factory, warehouse, etc. The buyer has to bear all costs from that time.
The EXW Incoterm can be used with any mode of transport or a combination of them.

Principal article: Free carrier.

Free Carrier (named place)
The seller delivers goods at an agreed place in the country of origin, which may be the premises of a forwarding agent, railway station … (This place agreed to deliver goods usually is related to the carrier areas). The seller pays all the costs until goods are located at the agreed point that could be the customs in the country of origin.
The FCA Incoterm can be used with any mode of transportation: air, rail, road transportation and in containers or multimodal transport. However, this Incoterm is used occasionally.

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Principal article: Free on board.

Free On Board (named loading port)
The seller delivers goods on board the ship. The seller makes the contract for transport through a forwarding or shipping agent, but the transportation cost is assumed by the buyer.
The FOB Incoterm is one of the most used in international trade. It should be used for general cargo (drums, coils, containers, etc.) of goods, but not for bulk.
The FOB Incoterm is used exclusively for ship transport, either by sea or river.

Principal article: Free Alongside Ship.

Free Alongside Ship (named loading port)
The seller delivers goods on the agreed quay at the named port of shipment, that is, alongside the vessel. The FAS Incoterm is appropriate for bulk or high volume cargo goods being deposited in specialized port terminals located on the quay.
The seller is responsible for the management and export clearance costs (in earlier versions of Incoterms 2000, the buyer organized the export customs clearance).
The FAS Incoterm is used only for ship transport, either by sea or river.

Principal article: Cost and freight

Cost and Freight (named destination port)
The seller is responsible for all costs, including the main transportation until goods arrive to the port of destination. Although, the risk is transferred to the buyer when goods are loaded in the vessel at the country of origin, it should be used for general cargo, which is not transported in containers; neither is appropriate for bulk cargo.
The CFR Incoterm is used only for ship transport, either by sea or river.

Principal article: Cost, insurance and freight.

Cost, Insurance and (named destination port)
The seller is responsible for all costs, including the main transportation and the insurance charges until goods arrive to the port of destination. Although, the seller has provided insurance, the insurance beneficiary is the buyer.
As in the previous CFR Incoterm, the risk is transferred to the buyer when goods are loaded on the vessel at the country of origin. The CIF Incoterm is one of the most used in international trade because the conditions of a CIF price define the customs value of an imported product. It should be used for general or conventional cargo, but should not be used when transported in containers.
The CIF Incoterm is used for any mode of transport, especially by sea or river.

Principal article: Carriage paid to.

Carriage Paid To (named place of destination)
The seller is responsible for all costs, including the main transportation until goods arrive to the agreed point of destination in the country. However, the risk of loss or damage of goods is transferred to the buyer when goods have been delivered to the carrier in the country of origin.
The CPT Incoterm can be used with any mode of transport, including multimodal transport (combining different modes of transport to arrive to destination).

Principal article: Carriage and insurance paid.

Carriage and Insurance Paid (To) (named place of destination)
The seller is responsible for all costs, including the main transportation and insurance until goods arrive to the agreed point in the country of destination. The risk is transferred to the buyer when delivering goods to the carrier in the country of origin. Although the insurance has been bought by the seller, the beneficiary of the insurance is the buyer.
The CIP Incoterm can be used with any mode of transport or a combination of them (multimodal transport).

Delivered at Terminal (named port).

The DAT incoterm is used for all modes of transport. It is one of the two new Incoterms 2010 with DAP. It replaces the DEQ Incoterm.
The seller assumes all costs, including the main transportation and insurance (not required) until goods are placed in the definitive terminal. It also assumes the risks so far.
The DEQ Incoterm was basically used in international trade of bulk because the delivery point coincides with the bulk ports terminals. (According to the before version of Incoterms 2000, the import clearance duty was paid by the seller, in the current version, is paid by the buyer).

Delivered at Place (named destination place).

The DAP Incoterm is used for all modes of transport. It is one of the two new Incoterms 2010 with DAT. It replaces DAF, DDU and DES.
The seller assumes all costs, including the main transportation and insurance (not required) but is not responsible for costs related to imports until goods are in a vehicle ready for unloading and available for the buyer. He also assumes the risks so far.

Delivered Duty Paid (named destination place)

The seller assumes all costs until goods have been delivered at the agreed point in the country. The buyer does not carry out any procedure. The import customs charges are paid by the seller.

 

Seller’s Responsibility for Delivery
For a given term, “Yes” indicates that the seller has the responsibility to provide the service included in the price. “No” indicates it is the buyer’s responsibility. If insurance is not included in conditions (for example, CFR), the buyer is in charge of the transport insurance.

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    ANTARES ADUANAS - Av. Canaval y Moreyra Nº 340 – Piso 07 – San Isidro, Perú
    Email: informes@antaresaduanas.com.pe | Phone: +511 616-3900
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